Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD belongs also to the group of neurodevelopmental conditions with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence. It manifests itself by problems with attention span and self-regulation and/or by impulsivity and high physical restlessness (hyperactivity). A clinical diagnosis is made when persistent symptoms are associated with impairments of functioning at home, school, workplace or during leasure time. However, symptoms alone are not sufficient for a diagnosis.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects 5% of children and 4% of adults across Europe
ADHD may have different presentations. The predominantly inattentive presentation is characterized by being easily distracted, forgetful, daydreaming, disorganization, poor concentration, and having difficulty completing tasks. A predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type is marked by excessive fidgetiness and restlessness, hyperactivity, difficulty waiting and remaining seated, and immature behaviour. In case of a combined presentation, features of both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive types are manifest.
Further information can be found on the website of ADHD Information Services (ADDISS), one of our project partners.
“So you think you know about ADHD?” A different perspective on ADHD
ADHD co-existing with other neurodevelopmental conditions
ADHD and autism co-exist substantially, with a 20%-50% prevalence of ADHD in those with autism, and 30-80% of children with autism meeting criteria for ADHD. There is also clinical overlap between ADHD and ID.