Prog Urol. 2018 Jan;28(1):2-11. doi: 10.1016/j.purol.2017.10.009. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
CONTEXT: Detrusor sphincter disorders impact quality of life in case of deep endometriosis. Surgery, which is one of the main treatments, is responsible of detrusor sphincter disorders. Since then, it is essential to look for those disorders and find the right medical care.
OBJECTIVE: To specify the detrusor sphincter disorders, its links with anatomical localisation of deep endometriosis and its prognosis after surgery.
METHODS: A literature review was carried out via PubMed® with the followings keywords: “deep endometriosis”, “urinary disorders”, “voiding dysfunction” and “urinary dysfunction”. Prospective and retrospective studies as well as previous reviews were analyzed.
RESULTS: Concerning bladder deep endometriosis, detrusor sphincter disorders are observed in more than 50%. Resection of the lesions allows a clear improvement or even a disappearance of the disorders. Concerning the deep endometriosis of the posterior part of the pelvis, disorders are highlighted even if women do not complain of urinary trouble. Detrusor sphincter disorders are observed in 2 to 50% and women with colorectal localisation have the highest rate. Resection of the lesions improves the symptoms described preoperatively but also provides de novo disorders of up to 47.5%. In terms of prevention, the nerve sparing surgery respects the pelvic nerve plexus, and reduces post-operative morbidity to less than 1%.
CONCLUSIONS: Detrusor sphincter disorders associated with deep endometriosis have a prognosis if their management is adapted. Well-conducted interviews and standardized questionnaires is necessary to diagnosis them. Urodynamic test may be discussed in case of bladder endometriosis, including for urinary asymptomatic patients. The management of the detrusor sphincter disorders requires a complete resection of the nodules of deep endometriosis. In the case of posterior endometriosis, a dissection must be performed respecting the retroperitoneal vegetative nerves.